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Restorative Justice and Youth Offending

The Youth Justice Board's publication Key Elements of Effective Practice: Restorative Justice defines the key aims or outcomes of restorative justice as:

  • victim satisfaction - reducing the fear of the victim and ensuring they feel 'paid back' for the harm that has been done to them
  • engagement with the young person - to ensure that they are aware of the consequences of their actions, have the opportunity to make reparation and agree a plan for their restoration in the community
  • creation of community capital - increasing public confidence in the criminal justice system.
The basic principles include:
  • putting things right and healing relationships, thereby giving high satisfaction to victims and reducing reoffending
  • ensuring that those directly affected by crime are involved in the process and that their wishes are given careful consideration
  • making positive outcomes for victim and community valid objectives, alongside changes in behaviour and attitude of the young person
  • addressing and being sensitive to particular cultural and special needs and be based on anti-discriminatory practice, with an understanding and respect for the diversity of different communities.
Restorative approaches that can be used within Youth Justice are:
  • Referral order youth offender panels
  • Direct reparation that benefits the victim
  • Indirect reparation unpaid work that benefits the community
  • Restorative conferencing
  • Family group conferencing
  • Victim-offender mediation
  • Youth restorative disposal - currently being piloted
© Restorative Training Services, 2010